The Difference Between Active and Passive Fire Protection Systems
What is the difference?
Active Fire Protection
You most likely think of active fire protection systems when you think of fire safety. Fire alarms and suppression systems are included in this category. Basically, any fire protection system or device that does anything other than just exist is active fire protection. What does that mean? Stay tuned for our passive fire protection description. Alarms detect smoke or fire and alerts people to the danger. Fire extinguishers and fire suppression systems (like sprinklers) work to put out the fire before the fire department arrives. These systems require manual OR automatic action.
The word active in active fire protection is self-explanatory but passive fire protection may be harder to understand. Let us now explain exactly what we mean by passive.
Passive Fire Protection
Passive fire protection systems work by compartmentalizing a building to reduce the spread of a fire. Rooms can be built from fire-resistant floors, walls and doors to impede the progress of a fire from compartment to compartment in an effort to mitigate the growth of a fire. The benefits of keeping the fire restricted to one area are that it allows for better escape routes and limits the damage to sections of a building. Materials usually have a fire resistance rating and not all materials are created equal. While some wood materials may have a fire resistance rating of one hour, masonry and concrete are obviously still a better choice. If you are using drywall in your building, it is important to check the fire-rating as well. Dampers on the ducts in your building are also key in helping contain smoke.
It is helpful to know that you have two systems in place in the event of a fire. When everything is functioning properly, you know you are doing all that you can to prevent and suppress a fire.
At Valley Fire Protection & Plumbing we can help you with active fire protection systems. We specialize in sprinkler installation and repair, which can get you well on your way to a complete fire protection system. Contact us today to get started with a quote.